《偕行》简报第14期

Doing Good Together #14 Newsletter

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社群信息

九月23日ChinAI每周电邮简报分享了傅莹《人工智能对国际关系的影响初析》中翻英一文(此文本身于四月“国际政治科学”期刊发布)。作者傅莹现任第十三届全国人民代表大会外事委员会副主任委员,清华大学国际战略与安全研究中心主任。文章认为,在国际秩序与中美关系的讨论中,“如果用零和博弈和追求绝对安全的眼光看待世界,那毫无疑问,人工智能会像20世纪40 、50年代的原子弹、卫星一样,成为大国竞争的新焦点,并成为将世界划分为两种或多种平行秩序的助推动力。但是如果我们采用人类命运共同体的视角,本着共同安全的理念看问题,那么就不难认识到,人工智能技术带来的安全和治理挑战是需要全人类共同面对的问题。如此,我们就不难本着平等协商的精神,共同探讨各利益攸关方都能够接受的规范。那么,人工智能是否会成为那个将中国、美国、俄罗斯以及世界其他国家团结在一起的“火星入侵”式的挑战呢?” 

谢旻希年初于波多黎各Beneficial AGI (通用人工智能) 论坛的演说“迈向通用人工智能时代的人类命运共同体”里,引用了比“火星入侵”更有可能发生的例子——电影“火星救援”里,在中美协作下,孤身一人在荒瘠中等待的宇航员及时被成功营救——虽是虚构剧情,现实世界中面对更高风险难题的人们,跨国协作更显必要了。

技术领域方面,八月11-12日人工智能安全工作坊的视频出炉了,其中有陈欣做为主席代表的总结。总结呈现人工智能安全领域框架背后的动机、目标——为建立更强的共识以及接受度,也谈及了此倡议本身的复杂度与困难点。 

最新的AI Alignment newsletter——朱小虎的翻译:

AN 63 架构搜索,元学习和环境设计可以怎样去产生通用人工智能?(原文)

促进农场动物福利的朋友们亦努力不懈,参与了九月19-20日第三届世界农场动物福利大会,良食基金于其中举办“良食圆桌”,就食堂、餐馆和加工企业的良食标准评价体系展开讨论。圆桌报告中,世界农场动物福利协会中国首席代表表示支持“植物领先”的提倡 (餐饮中含85%以上的植物菜品),悯惜动物中国区策略总顾问谢业辉先生亦介绍了较鲜为人知的鱼类的福利议题。

墨者秋季峰会于九月20-24日在香港南丫岛顺利举行完毕,成果丰硕。 

罗毅华分享了一系列帮助他学习中文的手机应用软件

谢旻希想和大家在此分享他最近读到的:

汤一介在《“和而不同”原则的价值资源》中说明:“在不同文化传统中应该可以通过文化的交往与对话,在商谈中取得某种共识,这是由‘不同’达到某种意义上的‘认同’的过程。这种‘认同’不是一方消灭一方,也不是一方‘同化’一方,而是在两种文化中寻找某种交汇点或者是可以互补的方面,并在此基础上推进双方文化的发展,这正是‘和’的作用。”

背景:20世纪90年代,针对亨廷顿的“文明冲突论”,汤一介先生提出“和而不同”对当今世界、人类发展的重要意义,认为21世纪人类社会面对的主要问题是“和平与发展”,这就需要调整好不同文明传统的国家与国家、民族与民族、地域与地域之间的关系,而中国古已有之的“和而不同”可以作为全球伦理的一个原则,为解决这两大问题作出贡献。


职涯机会

80,000 Hours的Job Board开设了中国地区的栏位了,目前刊登了有在清华大学、腾讯等的职缺。虽然是在伦敦,DeepMind的实习生机会也不容错过。

社群参与

伦敦有效利他全球会议将于十月18-20日举办 (申请已截止),你可能特别感兴趣的活动:

  • 19日 11:00-11:30 The Precipice: existential risk and the future of humanity by Toby Ord

  • 19日 17:00-18:00 Meetup: China and the World by 谢旻希 and 黄资雅

  • 19日 19:00-22:00 中文社群晚餐 (有意参加者请于14日前回复此信)

  • 20日 13:00-14:00 谢旻希 Office Hours 

  • 20日 14:00-14:30 Deciphering China's AI Dream by Jeff Ding 

  • 20日 15:30-16:30 Meetup: Great Power Conflict by Luisa Rodriguez and 谢旻希

  • 20日 17:30-18:00: The likelihood and severity of a US-Russia nuclear exchange by Luisa Rodriguez

城市社群活动,在这里追踪 (北京、上海、香港、台北)。本月已公布的资讯:

【北京】聚会

  • 十月13日 (日) 与来自纽约社群的朋友晚餐

  • 十月14或15日也有与Animal Charity Evaluators的伙伴们另一聚餐 (规划中)

  • 详细资讯于EA Beijing微信群组里,入群请加张轩微信:wxid_jessie1022

【香港】聚会

  • EAHK October 2019 Meetup

  • 十月25日(五) 19:45-21:45,以英文进行

  • 地点:Glue 咕噜館, Shop 1A, 1 Electric Street, Hong Kong (Admiralty Exit F Three Pacific Place, then up the slope from Lamborghini showroom)

  • 联系我们,说说你对这份简报的想法和建议:aliciahuangty@gmail.com

  • 点此可邮件订阅本报,每月发送。


Updates & Information

On September 23rd, the ChinAI weekly newsletter shared the English translation of Fu Ying’s article “A Preliminary Analysis of the Impact of AI on International Relations”, originally published in April in the Quarterly Journal of International Politics. Fu Ying is the Chairperson of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the National People’s Congress of China and the honorary dean of Tsinghua’s Institute of International Relation. In the article, she stresses that “if we look at the world as a zero-sum game and a pursuit of absolute security, there is no doubt that AI will, similar to the way atomic bombs and satellites were in the 1940s and 1950s, become the new focus of competition among big countries and a driving force of two or multiple parallel global orders. However, if we adopt the perspective of a Community of Shared Future for Mankind and view the problem through the concept of common security, it is not difficult to realize that the security and governance challenges brought about by AI technology are problems that all people face together. In this way, it should not be difficult for us to jointly explore the norms acceptable to all stakeholders in the spirit of equal consultation. If so, will AI become the ‘Mars invasion’ challenge that unites China, the United States, Russia, and the rest of the world?”

Back in January, Brian Tse gave a talk titled “Towards A Global Community Of Shared Future in AGI” at the Beneficial AGI Conference in Puerto Rico, calling for the same attitude. In his presentation, he used an example that seems more likely than “Mars invasion” —in the movie “The Martian,” it was the US-China collaboration that saved the astronaut waiting alone in barren Mars.  Although the collaboration happened in a fictional setting, the high-stakes challenges we’re facing in reality should warrant no less international collaboration.

In the technical area, the videos from the AISafety workshop have been released. “On behalf of the workshop chairs, Cynthia (Chen) summarized the main motivation and objectives of the AI Safety Landscape initiative: get more consensus and focus on generally accepted knowledge. ... The chairs recognize the complexity of establishing a generally acceptable classification, especially when the intent is to cover different kinds of systems/agents, application domains, and levels of autonomy/intelligence.”

The latest AI Alignment newsletter translated by Zhu Xiaohu:

AN 63 架构搜索,元学习和环境设计可以怎样去产生通用人工智能? (Original post: How architecture search, meta learning, and environment design could lead to general intelligence)

On farm animal welfare, there was The 2019 World Conference on Farm Animal Welfare (September 19th-20th, Qingdao). The Good Food Fund organised the Good Food Roundtable for participants to discuss a set of food standards for canteens, restaurants, and processing companies. In the presentations, the China representative of Compassion in World Farming expressed support for the “Plant-forward Diet” (more than 85% non-meat diet), and Yip Fai Tse, the Strategy Consultant of China at Mercy for Animals also introduced the less-known topic of fish welfare. 

The Mohist Autumn Summit was successfully held on September 20-24 in Hong Kong.

Edward Pearce shared his experience using eight different apps for learning Mandarin


Career Opportunities

It’s now possible to see high-impact roles in China on the 80,000 Hours job board. There are now a number of openings at Tsinghua University and Tencent. DeepMind’s Research Scientist Intern hire, though in London, is also a great opportunity. 

Community Engagement

The EA Global London conference will take place on October 18th-20th (applications closed). If you’re attending, here are events that are probably of your interest:

  • 19th, 11:00-11:30 The Precipice: existential risk and the future of humanity by Toby Ord

  • 19th, 17:00-18:00 Meetup: China and the World by Brian Tse and Alicia Huang

  • 19th, 19:00-22:00 Chinese Community Dinner (please reply to the email before the 14th if you’d like to join)

  • 20th, 13:00-14:00 Brian Tse’s Office Hours 

  • 20th, 14:00-14:30 Deciphering China's AI Dream by Jeff Ding 

  • 20th, 15:30-16:30 Meetup: Great Power Conflict by Luisa Rodriguez and Brian Tse

  • 20th, 17:30-18:00: The likelihood and severity of a US-Russia nuclear exchange by Luisa Rodriguez

Information on city (Beijing, Shanghai, Hong Kong and Taipei) chapter activities will be updated in this document. Events that have been planned: 

【Beijing】Meetup

  • October 13th, dinner with a co-organiser of "Effective Altruism NYC"

  • October 14th or 15th, dinner with folks from the Animal Charity Evaluators (TBC)

  • For more details, see the EA Beijing wechat group. Add Jesse Zhang (wxid_jessie1022) to join the group

【Hong Kong】Meetup

  • EAHK October 2019 Meetup

  • October 25th (Friday) 19:45-21:45, conducted in English

  • Location: Glue, Shop 1A, 1 Electric Street, Hong Kong (Admiralty Exit F Three Pacific Place, then up the slope from Lamborghini showroom)

  • Contact us or let us know how we can improve at aliciahuangty@gmail.com

  • Subscribe to the email version of the monthly newsletters here